Lovely Hong Kong
Showing the World
How Lovely Hong Kong is 
Hong Kong Skyline at Daytime
New Territories


Overview

 

Hong Kong is one of the two Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. The other is Macau. Hong Kong had been a British Colony for nearly 150 years. The transfer of sovereignty was returned to China in 1997. As a leading financial center in East Asia, it was the first to become the Asian Tigers due to its rapid development from 1950s to 1990s.

People

Hong Kong's population is more than 7 million and about 94% are ethnic Chinese. The rest came from Indonesia, Philippines, India, Thailand, and Japan, among others. A significant number of people came from other groups like Australia, Europe, and North America making Hong Kong an international metropolis.

Education

Education in Hong Kong is based mostly on the English  system of the United Kingdom. Schools use written Chinese and English while the medium of instruction is Cantonese. Recently, there has been an increase in usage of Mandarin language. Hong Kong's education system is ranked as the second best in the world according to The Programme for International Student Assessment.

Geography and Climate

The region is divided into three main territories namely, Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, and  the New Territories having a total area of 1,104 km2  (426 sq mi). Located in southern part of China, it is facing the South China Sea. Most of its terrain is mountainous and hilly with Tai Mo Shan as having the highest elevation at 957m. Hong Kong has a humid subtropical climate due to its location at the southern Tropic of Cancer. The winter season is cool and dry while its summer is hot with occasional rains.

Culture

Having a mix of Chinese roots with influences from the British as a colony, Hong Kong is often called a place where "East meets West". You can see a fusion of Chinese and Western cuisine existing side by side in Hong Kong. Fast foods, steaks and other international cuisine are almost as popular as hot pots, noodles, and  dumplings.

When it comes to movie industry, Hong Kong is widely recognized as entertainment hub. It produces international actors and actresses like Jackie Chan, Sammo Hung, Chow Yun-fat, Bruce Lee, Jet Li, Michelle Yeoh, and Maggie Cheung. A lot of homegrown films gathered global recognition and became blockbuster such as Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000),  House of Flying Daggers (2004), Shaolin Soccer (2007), Rumble in the Bronx (1995), and Rush Hour (1998).

Economy

Ranked as the world's freest economy by the Index of Economic Freedom of Heritage Foundation for 20 consecutive years, Hong Kong became one of the world's leading international financial centers. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the 6th largest in the world with its initial public offering (IPO) capital the second highest in the world after London. Since the 1997 turnover to China, the future economy of Hong Kong became more open to the challenges of economic globalization.